Introduction: The detection of the somatosensory response (SR) is an important tool for the neurophysiological evaluation in the intra and post-operative period of some vascular and spine surgeries. Particularly, the SR identifi cation with a maximum false positive ratio by means of Objective Response Detection (ORD) techniques could lead to a less subjective procedure. In this work a novel ORD, the Rice Detector (RD), is presented and its theoretical critical value is obtained. Methods: The probability of detection (PD) of RD is assessed for different numbers of eletroencephalographic (EEG) signal epochs (M = 30, 60, 120, 240) and signal-to-noise ratios (–20 to 10 dB, in steps of 1 dB) by means of simulation. The simulated PD curves (PDc) are compared with the theoretical ones and with the PDc of the Magnitude-Squared Coherence (MSC), a well-known ORD technique. The performance of RD and MSC are also compared for real EEG data. The comparison is based on the DP for estimates calculated with M = 30, 60, 120 and 240 epochs. Results: The results showed that the simulated PDc follow the theoretical ones and both the MSC and RD present similar performance, with slight advantage for this latter at low M-values. However, for real data, no statistical signifi cant difference (proportion test with alpha=0.05) was found between MSC and RD. Conclusion: Both techniques presented mean detection rates varying from 70% to 90%, even for intermediate M-value (120 epochs), and can be useful for evoked response detection applications.
Objective response detection, Rice distribution, Rice detector, Magnitude-squared coherence, Evoked potential, Electroencephalography